Most popular and wanted programming languages in 2020
To expand the market, possibilities or salary, it is always good to know more than one programming language. The idea of being an expert in a language is becoming obsolete. Technology is changing faster and faster. Companies spend billions of euros on r & d & i improving or generating new technological environments, as well as the platform on which they work and what we must learn.
Each programming language can be good for something in particular, but not so good for other things. So it is good to know several programming languages. This is the list of the 10 best to consider in 2020.
Top 10 programming languages 2020
- 10: Swift (iOS Development)
- 9: Kotlin (Android Development)
- 8: C # (.net development)
- 7: R (Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning)
- 6: PHP (Web Development)
- 5: Golang (For the construction of large distributed systems)
- 4: C & C ++ (It is mainly used for building networks and game tools)
- 3: Java (Building Large Secure Enterprise Applications)
- 1: Python (Almost for all purposes, especially in Machine Learning and Big Data)
If you are an Apple fanboy and want to become an iOS developer, then Swift is a must-have programming language.
Swift has replaced Objective-C as the primary programming language for its apple world related software and application.
It is supported and promoted by Apple, so it has been very popular since its inception.
As Apple is going to keep up with it, if someone is looking for an Apple specific development platform like iOS, then Swift is going to be the must-have programming language for developers.
This is primarily vendor and product specific language with minimal use outside of the Apple ecosystem.
Swift is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby and was designed to be beginner-friendly and fun to use.
Swift is considered faster, more secure, and easier to read and debug than its Objective-C predecessor.
If your idea is Android application development, then Kotlin is the programming language to learn.
Kotlin is the new programming language from JetBrains, the creator of the best IDEs in the world.
Kotlin has the great advantage that it comes directly from the industry and its products and that is a great advantage in solving the problems that job schedulers face today.
Kotlin has native support, and many IDEs like IntelliJ IDEA and Android Studio are supporting Kotlin for Android development.
Kotlin programs can use all existing Java libraries and frameworks. So, now is the best time to learn Kotlin if you want to become an Android developer.
8: C #
C-sharp is used in the development of desktop applications and more recently Windows 8/10 applications and requires the .NET framework to function.
It is a new language created by Microsoft and submitted to the ECMA for standardization. This new language was created by a team of Microsoft people led by Anders Hejlsberg.
Interestingly, Hejlsberg is a distinguished Microsoft engineer who has created other products and languages, including Borland Turbo C ++ and Borland Delphi.
With C #, they focused on taking the good things existing languages did and adding improvements.
Detecting errors in C # is easy as it is a statically typed language, where the code is checked before being converted into the application.
In short, it is perfect for developing web applications, desktop applications, and it is also demonstrated in VR, 2D, and 3D games.
If you want to become the data expert, then you must learn the R language.
R is gaining popularity in recent years, and the reason would be the growth and demand for data analytics.
R is used by data scientists, but again much more backward compared to Python, which has established itself as general-purpose languages and active developers enjoy plenty of data science libraries and modules.
Therefore, one can prefer Python over R if they have to choose only one; otherwise, if you want an operator in data science, then learning both will be a good option.
R provides the wide variety of statistical techniques (linear and non-linear model, classical statistical tests, time series analysis, classification, clustering, …) and graphical techniques, and is highly extensible.
PHP is a server-side scripting language.
More than 60% of the websites are built in PHP, and more than 25% of the total web pages are built in WordPress.
In web development, PHP is still the most widely used language with a wide variety of CMS and Frameworks.
Right now, PHP 7.4 is the latest version, and it has a large support community.
Laravel is the most widely used PHP web framework for creating small, medium and large business applications. Others like Codeigniter for rapid developments in small and medium projects and Yii optimized for API and RESTful platforms
Facebook, Dropbox, and many big tech websites are using PHP as their backend programming language.
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, it is a general purpose programming language.
PHP is the scripting language, which runs on a server, and is used to create web pages written in HTML.
It’s popular because it’s free, cheap, easy to set up, and easy for new programmers to use.
PHP is the attractive option for web developers all over the world.
It is widely used to create dynamic web page content and images used on websites.
Also, PHP has great developments like WordPress, Prestashop or Drupal.
Golang was conceived by Google developers when they were waiting for the code compilation on the project to complete.
This is precisely the reason why Golang is the only language that incorporates the three sought-after capabilities, namely ease of coding, efficient code compilation, and efficient execution.
Bringing all these capabilities into one language is what made Golang so special.
Go or Golang, as it is called, is the powerful system-level language used for programming on large-scale network servers and large distributed systems.
Go is just like C / C ++ comes as a compiled language, and this makes it just as efficient as them.
On the other hand, Go is also like Java for variable assignment, and it uses garbage collection and object removal. This makes Go an ideal language to work within any hardware system.
4: C & C ++
Both C and C ++ are timeless languages, and most of us programmers start with it with our studies.
C ++ is a programming language, which has essential and object-oriented features. It is also known as a mid-level programming language. Bjarne Stroustrup has been developing it at Bell Labs since 1979 and it seemed the first time in 1985.
C is the reference language of other languages, some are derived from C or are inspired by its syntax, constructions and paradigms, including Java and C.
Even today, it turns out, whenever there is a need to build high-performance applications, C remains the most popular choice.
C ++ is the object-oriented programming language and it is based on C, therefore it is preferred over others for designing higher-level applications.
C ++ performs better than dynamically typed languages because the code is type checked before it is run for production.
The main areas of development are virtual reality (VR), games, graphics, etc.
If someone asks why java, the most frequent phrase appears would be “write once, execute everywhere”: Java has been the dominant programming language for the last 20 years.
Java is 99% object oriented, it is powerful since java objects do not contain references to data external to themselves. It is simpler than C ++ because Java uses automatic memory allocation and garbage collection.
Java is highly cross-platform or standalone compatible.
Since you can code anywhere (I mean all devices), compile to low level machine code and lastly run on any platform using JVM – Java Virtual Machine (which is platform dependent).
With so many good reasons and a wide range of business applications, having immense flexibility and java is always a beginner’s favorite and for good future job prospects.
For front-end development, there are a lot of options available. I will list the main three.
For mobile development, React Native is tremendously used.
If you are using React Native, then you need to write a codebase, and it will compile and run on Android and iOS devices.
If you want to create a desktop application like Visual Studio Code, you can use the Electron framework from Node.js.
Regardless of what backend you are using, there is always a requirement for a Frontend developer.
There is tremendous community support out there that can help you get started and improve a lot.
In 2020, the Number 1 programming language is Python for many reasons.
At the moment, all industries are transforming to AI and data-driven, and Python is the language that has all kinds of different mathematical and algorithmic packages available.
If you are watching tech news, then every now and then, you will see that big tech companies are making considerable investments in AI, Machine Learning, and IoT.
On Github, there are over 1 million packages available to work with, and you can create just about anything with the Python programming language.
Python has huge community support, and developers are making tons of third-party open source packages so you don’t need to reinvent the wheel.
Python is an attractive and excellent language for generating scripts. You will find a python module for everything you can think of.
These are the 10 programming languages to consider in 2020.
If you search the internet, stackoverflow or thousands of comparisons, different lists will appear. All equally good and equally valid also depending on each developer, each project and the requirements of each company.
The point here is that you need to improve your skill each year to stay in competition; otherwise, you need to fight to find a better job.
Finally, the Top 10 Programming Languages To Learn In 2020 article has ended.